Panamanian - Tembleques
"Tembleques" is the given name to the flowers that the women wearing Polleras use on their head because they are made of flexible and delicate materials that move when the person makes any movement when dancing or walking.
The first ornaments that the empolleradas used on the head were natural flowers, especially Creoles Carnations, jasmine, roses, etc., Which were grown in clay pots or metal containers in the masseters installed in the courtyards of houses.
Tembleques are made of different materials like fish scales, silk, pearls, etc. Other fine adornments like beads, bugle beads, sequins, are recent additions that have been accepted as complementary ornaments flowers arrangement for the Pollera. The "Temblequeras" or the people, who make tembleques, take advantage of any material that is close to their fingertips.
The tembleques are made in different ways. The most popular ones resemble certain flowers of the countryside as daisies, roses, malviras, Guatemalan flower, pumpkin, melon, bridal bouquet, jasmine, musk and pads. They are also made inspired by the shape of certain insects like the scorpion, butterfly, dragonfly, etc. and some birds like the dove and the peacock. It is very rare to find tembleques with other shapes. Some imitate the form of gold jewelry, such as the "pajuela" and the "Pearl rosette". In the region of Las Tablas are given the name "flirty" and "zoquetas" to certain types of tembleques, produced by the imagination and personal initiative of the temblequeras.
The tembleques are used with a single hairstyle; the hair split into two equal bands, parted in the center from the forehead to the base of the skull. Then each group of hair is woven into a braid, bending them behind the ear and secured with wool, hooks or hair pins. These bows can have three, four, five inches long, if the person has long or abundant hair.
After the making the traditional hair arrangement, the combs and the pajuela are placed, if it is a Luxury or gala Pollera. If the skirt is chintz, it only uses a set of combs on each side of the head. Then we start to effleurage the head with tembleques arranging them in pairs, one on each side and below the combs, letting the hair part visible at the front and back of the head.
The elaboration techniques of tembleques are true craftsmen art. Each person brings on something of their creativity but they carefully respect the formats that have been imposed by the tradition.
All tembleques sections are strapped together to a single middle stem holder for easy placement in hair. When tembleques are made of gold, something unusual, the central stem is made of the same material. Sometimes it is easy to recognize the style made by certain temblequeras, as they change the shape of their designs very little.
The places where this work is mostly done are located in the provinces of Los Santos and Herrera. From Las Tablas to the capital come beautiful flowers sets product of special orders that are placed in advance. The art and technique of making tembleques is learned at home, temblequeras share their designs and some interchange pair of flowers for other true artistic creations, but if there are no photographs taken or drawings made, the mold is lost.
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